The Victorian (c1836-1901) jewelry period follows the reign of Queen Victoria in Great Britain from 1836 to 1901. Queen Victoria's love for her husband and children inspired Victorian jewelry that reflected a romantic and sentimental outlook. Flowers, hearts, bows and birds inspired beautiful pieces of Victorian jewelry which showed the craftsmanship of the Victorian age. Serpent motifs were also popular in Victorian jewelry.
Yellow gold and silver were the metals of choice as Victorian jewelry artisans did not learn to work with platinum until very late in the period. Gemstones were often used in Victorian jewelry and helped keep jewelry affordable for the mass market. Garnets, amethysts, corals, turquoise, and seed pearls were in style. Opals were increasingly popular as Queen Victoria adored them. Diamonds were discovered in South Africa in 1867 and became popular during the Victorian jewelry period. Human hair was also incorporated in jewelry during the Victorian period. This jewelry was given as a token of love and also worn as mourning jewelry.